GPU benchmark说明

Introduction

本文内容主要系摘录翻译自Ang Li的博士毕业论文。

1.Perfect

Power Efficiency Revolution for Embedded Computing

http://hpc.pnl.gov/PERFECT/

Application Domains Kernels
PERFECT Application 1 Discrete Wavelet Transform
  2D Convolution
  Histogram Equalization
Space Time Adaptive Processing System Solver
  Inner Product
  Outer Product
Synthetic Aperture Radar Interpolation 1
  Interpolation 2
  Back Projection (Non-Fourier SAR)
Wide Area Motion Imaging Debayer
  Image Registration
  Change Detection
Required Kernels Sort
  FFT 1D
  FFT 2D

2. AxBench

A Multiplatform Benchmark Suite for Approximate Computing

One of the goals of AxBench is to provide a diverse set of applications to further facilitate research and development in approximate computing.

http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/7755728/

下载地址

http://axbench.org/

benchmark platform domain Quality Metric
binarization GPU Image Processing Image Diff
blackscholes CPU, GPU Finance Avg. Relative Error
brent-kung ASIC Arithmetic Computation Avg. Relative Error
canneal CPU Optimization Avg. Relative Error
convolution GPU Machine Learning Avg. Relative Error
fastwalsh GPU Signal Processing Image Diff
fft CPU Signal Processing Avg. Relative Error
fir ASIC Signal Processing Avg. Relative Error
forwardk2j CPU, ASIC Robotics Avg. Relative Error
inversek2j CPU, GPU, ASIC Robotics Avg. Relative Error
jmeint CPU, GPU 3D Gaming Miss Rate
jpeg CPU Image Processing Image Diff
kmeans CPU, ASIC Machine Learning Image Diff
kogge-stone ASIC Arithmetic Computation Avg. Relative Error
laplacian GPU Image Processing Image Diff
meanfilter GPU Machine Vision Image Diff
neural network ASIC Machine Learning Avg. Relative Error
newton-raph GPU Numerical Analysis Avg. Relative Error
sobel CPU, GPU, ASIC Image Processing Image Diff
srad GPU Medical Imaging Image Diff
wallace-tree ASIC Arithmetic Computation Avg. Relative Error

3. Rodinia

http://www.cs.virginia.edu/~skadron/wiki/rodinia/index.php/Rodinia:Accelerating_Compute-Intensive_Applications_with_Accelerators

下载页面:

http://lava.cs.virginia.edu/Rodinia/download_links.htm

         
Applications Dwarves Domains Parallel Model Incre. Ver.
Leukocyte Structured Grid Medical Imaging CUDA, OMP, OCL
Heart Wall Structured Grid Medical Imaging CUDA, OMP, OCL  
MUMmerGPU Graph Traversal Bioinformatics CUDA, OMP  
CFD Solver1 Unstructured Grid Fluid Dynamics CUDA, OMP, OCL  
LU Decomposition Dense Linear Algebra Linear Algebra CUDA, OMP, OCL
HotSpot Structured Grid Physics Simulation CUDA, OMP, OCL  
Back Propagation Unstructured Grid Pattern Recognition CUDA, OMP, OCL  
Needleman-Wunsch Dynamic Programming Bioinformatics CUDA, OMP, OCL
Kmeans Dense Linear Algebra Data Mining CUDA, OMP, OCL  
Breadth-First Search1 Graph Traversal Graph Algorithms CUDA, OMP, OCL  
SRAD Structured Grid Image Processing CUDA, OMP, OCL
Streamcluster1 Dense Linear Algebra Data Mining CUDA, OMP, OCL  
Particle Filter Structured Grid Medical Imaging CUDA, OMP, OCL  
PathFinder Dynamic Programming Grid Traversal CUDA, OMP, OCL  
Gaussian Elimination Dense Linear Algebra Linear Algebra CUDA, OCL  
k-Nearest Neighbors Dense Linear Algebra Data Mining CUDA, OMP, OCL  
LavaMD2 N-Body Molecular Dynamics CUDA, OMP, OCL  
Myocyte Structured Grid Biological Simulation CUDA, OMP, OCL  
B+ Tree Graph Traversal Search CUDA, OMP, OCL  
GPUDWT Spectral Method Image/Video Compression CUDA, OCL  
Hybrid Sort Sorting Sorting Algorithms CUDA, OCL  
Hotspot3D Structured Grid Physics Simulation CUDA, OCL, OMP Hotspot for 3D IC
Huffman Finite State Machine Lossless data compression CUDA, OCL  

Ang Li的分类:

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL OpenMP
backprop Perceptron back propagation Neural Network Yes Yes Yes
bfs Breadth first search Graph Algorithm Yes Yes Yes
b+tree B+tree Operation Searching Yes Yes Yes  
leukocyte Detect leukocytes in blood vessel video Medical Imaging Yes Yes Yes
heartwall Tracks the mouse heart movement by stimulus Medical Imaging Yes No Yes
cfd Finite volume solver for 3D Euler equations for flow Fluid Dynamics Yes Yes Yes
lud Calculate the solutions of a set of linear equations Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
hotspot Estimate processor temperature Physical Simulation Yes Yes Yes
nw Optimization method for DNA sequence alignments Bioinformatics Yes Yes Yes
kmeans Clustering algorithm Data Mining Yes Yes Yes
srad Speckle reducing anisotropic diffusion Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
streamcluster Finds medians to assign points to nearest centers Data Mining Yes Yes Yes
particlefilter Locate object location based on Noise and path Medical Imaging Yes Yes Yes
pathfinder Dynamic programming to find a path on a 2D grid Grid Traversal Yes Yes Yes
gaussian Solving variables in a linear system Linear Algebra Yes Yes No
nn Find k-nearest neighbors from an unstructured data set Data Mining Yes Yes Yes
lavaMD Calculate particle potential and relocation in 3D Molecular Dynamics Yes Yes Yes
myocyte Simulate the behavior of cardiac hear muscle cell Biological Simulation Yes Yes Yes

4. Parboil

Parboil强调面向吞吐量的流媒体应用。其中的每个应用都有原生的CUDA应用和优化过的应用。

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL C
bfs Breadth-first-search Graph Algorithm Yes Yes Yes
cutcp Compute Coulombic potential for a 3D grid Molecular Dynamics Yes Yes Yes
histogram Compute 2D saturating histogram with maximum 256 bins Data Mining Yes Yes Yes
lbm Fluid dynamics simulation using Lattice-Bolzmann Method Fluid Dynamics Yes Yes Yes
mm Dense matrix-matrix multiply Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
mri-gridding Compute regular data grid via weighted interpolation Medical Imaging Yes Yes Yes
mir-q Compute scanner configuration for calibration in 3D MRI Medical Imaging Yes Yes Yes
sad Sum of absolute differences kernel in MPEG video encoders Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
spmv Compute the product of a sparse matrix with a dense vector Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
stencil An iterative Jacobi stencil operation on a regular 3D grid Cellular Automation Yes Yes Yes
tpacf Analyze the spatial distribution of astronomical bodies Data Mining Yes Yes Yes

5. Shoc

测量协处理的稳定性和性能,such as GPUs, Xeon-Phi, etc。

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL C
qtclustering Group genes into high quality clusters Bioinformatics Yes No No
s3d Compute chemical reaction rate across a 3D grid Simulation Yes Yes No
scan Parallel prefix sum of floating point numbers Data Mining Yes Yes No
reduction Sum reduction operation of floating point numbers Data Mining Yes Yes No
md Lennard-Jones potential computations Molecular Dynamics Yes Yes No
fft Fast Fourier transform Signal Processing Yes Yes No
sgemm Single precision general matrix multiply Linear Algebra Yes Yes No
sort Fast radix sort program Data Mining Yes Yes No
stencil2d Standard 2d 9 points stencil calculation Cellular Automation Yes Yes No
bfs Breadth-first-search Graph Algorithm Yes Yes No
spmv Sparse matrix vector multiplication Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes

6. Polybench

包含从[非]结构循环嵌套转换的Kernel。这些循环以前用于评估基于多面体模型的优化工具。

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL C
2dconv 2D convolution Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
2mm 2 matrix multiply Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
3dconv 3D convolution Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
3mm 3 matrix multiply Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
atax Matrix transpose and vector multiplication Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
bicg Bicg kernel for BiCGStab linear solver Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
corr Correlation computation Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
covar Covariance computation Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
fdtd2d 2D finite difference time domain kernel Simulation Yes Yes Yes
gemm matrix multiply Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
gesummv Scalar vector and matrix multiplication Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
gramschm Gram-schmidt process Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
mvt Matrix vector product and transpose Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
syr2k Symmetric rank-2k operations Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
syrk Symmetric rank-k operations Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes

7. Mars

用map reduce实现的data-mining的benchmark。

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL C
sm Find the position of a string in a file Data Mining Yes No No
ii Build inverted index for links in HTML files Data Mining Yes No No
ss Compute pair-wise similarity score for docs Data Mining Yes No No
mm Multiply two matrices Linear Algebra Yes No No
pvc Count distinct page views from web logs Data Mining Yes No No
pvr Find the top ten hottest pages in the web log Data Mining Yes No No

8. Longstar

关注于不规则的应用,主要是数据依赖和拓扑依赖。

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL C
bfs Breadth first search Graph Algorithm Yes No No
bh Simulate the gravitational forces in Barnes-Hut algorithm Simulation Yes No No
dc Lossless compression upon double-precision FP data Signal Processing Yes No No
dmr Meshrefinement algorithm from computational geometry Image Processing Yes No No
pta Andersen’s flow/context-insensitive points-to analysis Graph Algorithm Yes No No
sp Heuristic SAT-solver based on BaYesian inference Graph Algorithm Yes No No
sssp Shortest path in a directed graph with weighted edges Graph Algorithm Yes No No
tsp Traveling salesman problem Graph Algorithm Yes No No

9. CUDA SDK

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL C
bilateralFilter Edge-preserving non-linear smoothing filter Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
binomialOption Evaluate option call price using binomial model Computational Finance Yes Yes Yes
BlackScholes Evaluate option call price using Black-Scholes model Computational Finance Yes Yes Yes
convolutionFFT2D 2D convolutions using FFT Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
dct8x8 Discrete cosine transform for blocks of 8 by 8 pixels Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
dxtc High quality DXT compression Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
dwtHaar1D 1D discrete Haar wavelet decomposition Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
eigenvalues Eigenvalues of a tridiagonal symmetric matrix Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
fastWalshTransform Hadamard-ordered Fast Walsh transform Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
FDTD3d Finite differences time domain progression stencil Cellular Automation Yes Yes
grabcutNPP GrabCut approach using the 8 neighborhood Graph Algorithm Yes Yes Yes
histogram 64/256 bin histogram Data Mining Yes Yes Yes
imageDenoising Using KNN and NLM for image denoising Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
lineOfSight A simple line-of-sight algorithm Graphic Application Yes Yes Yes
Mandelbrot Mandelbrot or Julia sets interactively Graphic Application Yes Yes Yes
matrixMul Matrix multiplication Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
mergeSortv Merge Sort algorithm Data Mining Yes Yes No
MersenneTwister The Mersenne Twister random number generator Signal Processing Yes Yes Yes
MonteCarlo Evaluate option call price using Monte Carlo approach Computational Finance Yes Yes Yes
nbody All-pairs gravitational n-body simulation Simulation Yes Yes Yes
oceanFFT Simulate an Ocean height field Simulation Yes Yes Yes
reduction Compute the sum of a large arrays of values Data Mining Yes Yes No
scalarProd Calculate scalar products of input vector pairs Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes
scan Parallel prefix sum Data Mining Yes Yes Yes
SobelFilter Sobel edge detection filter for 8-bit monochrome images Image Processing Yes Yes Yes
SobolQRNG Sobol Quasirandom Sequence Generator Computational Finance Yes Yes Yes
transpose Matrix transpose Linear Algebra Yes Yes Yes

10. GPGPU-Sim

Application Description Domain CUDA OpenCL C
aes AES algorithm in CUDA to encrypt and decrypt files Cryptography Yes No No
dc A discontinuous Galerkin time-domain solver Simulation Yes No No
lps 3D Laplace Solver Computational Finance Yes No No
lib Monte Carlo simulation in London-interbank-offered-rate Model Computational Finance Yes No No
mum Pairwise local sequence alignment for DNA string Bioinformatics Yes No No
nn Convolutional neural network to recognize handwritten digits Machine Learning Yes No No
nqu The N-Queen solver Simulation Yes No No
ray Ray-tracing (rendering graphics with near photo-realism) Graphic Application Yes No No
sto Sliding-window implementation of the MD5 algorithm Data Mining Yes No No
wp Accelerate part of the Weather Research and Forecast Model (WRF) Simulation Yes No No

 

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